Have you ever been woken up in the middle of the night due to unbearable pain radiating from your tooth? If you have, you would know that this generally indicates that a visit to a dentist at a dental clinic is a must. Unfortunately, it also means that there is a distinct possibility that you might have to undergo a dental treatment known as ‘Tooth Extraction’. If this is indeed the case, you might wonder how long it will take to recover from this Oral Care procedure? You may even want to know whether or not this process will hurt your personal and professional life. To answer all such basic questions about ‘Tooth Extraction’, Perfect 32 Advanced Dental Clinic and Implant Center brings you this blog.  

Why would a person need a Tooth extraction in the first place? 

There are certain circumstances under which your dentist will advise you to undergo Tooth Extraction. They are as follows:  
a. When a large cavity formed in an irreparable tooth. 
b. A tooth is so broken which cannot be fixed again. 
c. You have an advanced gum disease that has weakened the bone needed for support. 
d. When a tooth inadvertently blocks an incoming adult tooth.  
e. To apply denture or dental implant, room needs to be created. 
f. A tooth has become painful, impacted, or infected.

How do you prepare for a Tooth Extraction?

Before the dental procedure of Tooth Extraction begins, your dentist will first take an X-Ray of your mouth. It will help him/her identify the problematic tooth that needs to be extracted.  More importantly, before initiating the extraction process, ensure that you tell your dental professional about all the medications that include vitamins, supplements, and over-the-counter drugs that you might be taking regularly.
Also, let your dentist know whether or not you would be undergoing treatment for a medical condition using an intravenous drug called bisphosphonate. If so, then it would be better for your tooth to be extracted before undergoing the drug therapy, or else your jaw could be at risk of experiencing osteonecrosis (bone death). 
Furthermore, before extracting a tooth, there are a few conditions that your dentist must know. They are: 

a. Diabetes  
b. A Congenital Heart Defect
c. Thyroid Diseased. 
d. Liver Disease
e. An artificial joint
f. Hypertension 
g. Renal Disease 
h. Adrenal Disease 
I Damaged Heart Valves  
j. History of bacterial endocarditis 
k. An impaired immune system.  

It would also be advisable to keep in mind the following for the day of the tooth extraction:
a. Avoid smoking. 
b. If you receive intravenous or IV anesthesia, you need to wear a short-sleeved shirt or loose-fitted clothing. 
c. Do not eat or drink for six to eight hours before undergoing the extraction process. 
d. Inform your dentist if you had nausea or vomiting the night before, in which case you may need different anesthesia or rescheduling. 
e. In case you are receiving general anesthesia, bring along a friend or family member so that he/she could drive you home post the completion of extraction.

What is the procedure of a Tooth Extraction?

The dental procedure for a ‘Tooth Extraction’ can either be simple or surgical. It will depend completely on whether your tooth is visible or impacted.  Therefore the tooth extraction procedure available are as follows:

a. Simple Tooth Extraction:

During this extraction process, your dentist will inject the area around the tooth with a local anaesthetic to numb the region so that you do not feel any pain.  The dentist, during this procedure, will use a tool called an ‘Elevator’ to loosen the teeth and forceps. 

b. Surgical Tooth Extraction:

In this Tooth Extraction process, your dentist will most likely provide you with local and intravenous anaesthesia, the latter functioning to keep you calm and relaxed.  Depending on the condition of your tooth, you may also receive general anaesthesia, which will keep you unconscious during the procedure. 

During the treatment, the dentist or dental surgeon will also cut into your gum with a small incision and may also need to eliminate the bone around your tooth or cut your tooth before it is extracted.

What can you expect during a Tooth Extraction? 

During a Tooth Extraction process, you can expect your dentist to help you get rid of unwanted pain caused due to toothache by eliminating a tooth, which is decayed or infected by using either local, general, intravenous anesthesia, or a combination of the three.

What happens after tooth extraction? 

On completion of ‘Tooth Extraction’, you will have to undergo a recovery period.  To ensure that you go through tooth extraction recovery smoothly, you need to take the following steps.
a. Apply an ice pack for about 10minutes on your cheek immediately after the procedure to reduce the swelling.  
b. Take medications, including over-the-counter painkillers, as prescribed. 
c. After the dentist places the gauze pad over the affected area, bite down to reduce bleeding and aid in clot formation. 
d. Avoid smoking and do not use a straw for 24 hours. 
e. While lying down, use pillows to prop your head up.  
f. Avoid rinsing your mouth for at least 24 hours after the tooth extraction.  
g. After 24 hours, rinse your mouth with a mixture made from half-teaspoon of salt to eight ounces of warm water.  
h. Day after the procedure, ensure that you need soft food such as yoghurt, pudding etc., only.  
i. Avoid the site of extraction while brushing and flossing your teeth.  
j. As you gradually recover, slowly reintroduce other solid foods into your diet. 

Is a Tooth Extraction painful? 

Yes, undergoing a tooth extraction procedure could give you some pain. Moreover, since your dentist is most likely to provide you with some effective local anaesthesia during the process, whatever tooth extraction pain you might experience should get eliminated.  
Even post the treatment, your dentist will prescribe over-the-counter (OTC) pain medicine that will help you manage the pain.   
To help you with pain management during and after the extraction process, and based on your comfort level and the expected complexity of your extraction, your dentist, shall use either Local Anesthesia, Sedation Anesthesia, or General Anesthesia.

How long does it take to recover from a Tooth Extraction?

There is no fixed answer to this question since it varies from one patient to another depending on several critical factors. They include the size and location of the tooth, a patient’s dental health, and the patient’s compliance with tooth extraction aftercare instructions. 
For a simple tooth extraction procedure, the recovery period is generally brief, with the soft tissue taking 3 to 4 weeks to heal completely. Additionally, your dentist will advise you to take it easy post the tooth extraction treatment for at least 48 to 72 hours.

In case of a surgical tooth extraction, the complete recovery might take longer, with your dental professional once again recommending that you completely relax in the first 48 to 72 hours.

As for the time you will need to take off your professional duties, it will depend on the amount of physical work you have to put in. And so you, your dentist, and your employer must discuss this issue together and work out a plan that suits all stakeholders. 

How much does a Tooth Extraction Cost?

The cost for tooth extraction in India would depend on whether the tooth extraction procedure undertaken is simple or surgical. In terms of the tooth extraction price, the cost varies from about Rs 6,000 to Rs 10,000.